Tag Archives: christianity

Science of the Times

14 May

 

 

 

http://science.nasa.gov/headlines/y2001/ast15feb_1.htm

The Sun’s magnetic poles will remain as they are now, with the north magnetic pole pointing through the Sun’s southern hemisphere, until the year 2012 when they will reverse again. This transition happens, as far as we know, at the peak of every 11-year sunspot cycle — like clockwork.

Earth’s magnetic field also flips, but with less regularity. Consecutive reversals are spaced 5 thousand years to 50 million years apart. The last reversal happened 740,000 years ago. Some researchers think our planet is overdue for another one, but nobody knows exactly when the next reversal might occur.

 

 

 

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/magnetic/about.html

 

Like the plot of a sci-fi B movie, something weird is happening deep underground where the constant spin of Earth’s liquid metallic core generates an invisible magnetic force field that shields our planet from harmful radiation in space. Gradually, the field is growing weaker. Could we be heading for a demagnetized doomsday that will leave us defenseless against the lethal effects of solar wind and cosmic rays? “Magnetic Storm” looks into our potentially unsettling magnetic future.

Scientists studying the problem are looking everywhere from Mars, which suffered a magnetic crisis four billion years ago and has been devoid of a magnetic field, an appreciable atmosphere, and possibly life ever since, to a laboratory at the University of Maryland, where a team headed by physicist Dan Lathrop has re-created the molten iron dynamo at Earth’s core by using 240 pounds of highly explosive molten sodium. The most visible signs of Earth’s magnetic field are auroras, which are caused by charged particles from space interacting with the atmosphere as they flow into the north and south magnetic poles.

But the warning signs of a declining field are subtler—though they are evident in every clay dish that was ever fired. During high-temperature baking, iron minerals in clay record the exact state of Earth’s magnetic field at that precise moment. By examining pots from prehistory to modern times, geologist John Shaw of the University of Liverpool in England has discovered just how dramatically the field has changed. “When we plot the results from the ceramics,” he notes, “we see a rapid fall as we come toward the present day. The rate of change is higher over the last 300 years than it has been for any time in the past 5,000 years. It’s going from a strong field down to a weak field, and it’s doing so very quickly.”

At the present rate, Earth’s magnetic field could be gone within a few centuries, exposing the planet to the relentless blast of charged particles from space with unpredictable consequences for the atmosphere and life. Other possibilities: the field could stop weakening and begin to strengthen, or it could weaken to the point that it suddenly flips polarity—that is, compasses begin to point to the South Magnetic Pole.

An even older record of Earth’s fluctuating field than Shaw refers to shows a more complicated picture. Ancient lava flows from the Hawaiian Islands reveal both the strength of the field when the lava cooled and its orientation—the direction of magnetic north and south. “When we go back about 700,000 years,” says geologist Mike Fuller of the University of Hawaii, “we find an incredible phenomenon. Suddenly the rocks are magnetized backwards. Instead of them being magnetized to the north like today’s field, they are magnetized to the south.”

Such a reversal of polarity seems to happen every 250,000 years on average, making us long overdue for another swap between the north and south magnetic poles. Scientist Gary Glatzmaier of the University of California at Santa Cruz has actually observed such reversals, as they occur in computer simulations (view one in See a Reversal). These virtual events show striking similarities to the current behavior of Earth’s magnetic field and suggest we are about to experience another reversal, though it will take centuries to unfold.

Some researchers believe we are already in the transition phase, with growing areas of magnetic anomaly—where field lines are moving the wrong way—signaling an ever weaker and chaotic state for our protective shield.

Geophysicist Rob Coe, also of the University of California at Santa Cruz, may have even found a lava record in Oregon that charts the magnetic mayhem that ensues during a period of reversal. The picture that emerges may not be up to Hollywood disaster standards, but considering that human civilization has never had to cope with such a situation before, it could be an interesting and challenging time.

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Jesus Christ Kills the Swine

14 May

Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, had stated that when Jesus Christ returns he would “kill the swine.” And, everybody believes these are the end times. Is Jesus Christ killing pigs with his divine breath?

 

Jews, Christians, Muslims: Remember One God?

14 May

Muslims are unsafe among Jews and Christians today. Christians are unsafe among Jews and Muslims. Jews are unsafe among Muslims and Christians. But they all believe in the same God whose commands remain unchanged.

The innocents among them fear oppressive politicians and their sidekicks, the terrorists, who wouldn’t allow them to come to terms with each other, that is, peaceful coexistence. Perhaps even love would have been possible?

Let’s build a new world without politicians and their sidekicks. Let’s stop paying attention to them. What Obama? Zardari, who? — Ants before God, insignificant people becoming big in our heads.

O People of the Book! Let us rally to a common formula to be binding on both us and you: That we worship none but God; that we associate no partners with Him; that we erect not, from among ourselves, lords and patrons other than God. (Qur’an: Surah Al ‘Imran, 64)

 

Christians fleeing the Middle East

The Pope visited Jordan. The Christians are fleeing the region

Christians used to be a vital force in the Middle East. They dominated Lebanon and filled top jobs in the Palestinian movement. In Egypt, they were wealthy beyond their number.

In Iraq, they packed the universities and professions. But as Pope Benedict XVI wends his way across the Holy Land this week, he is addressing a dwindling and threatened Christian population driven to emigration by political violence, lack of economic opportunity and the rise of radical Islam.

A region that a century ago was 20 per cent Christian is about 5 per cent today and dropping. In Lebanon, Christians now amount to a quarter of the population. A century ago there were millions of Christians in what is today Turkey; now there are 150,000. In Bethlehem, Christians now make up barely a third of the population after centuries of being 80 per cent. Of the 1.4 million Christians in Iraq in 2003, nearly half have fled.

Source: New York Times.

Pakistan Constitution on Minorities

5 May

Government of Pakistan Minorities Division:

 

http://202.83.164.26/wps/portal/Mom/!ut/p/c1/04_SB8K8xLLM9MSSzPy8xBz9CP0os_hQN68AZ3dnIwML82BTAyNXTz9jE0NfQwNfc_1wkA6zeAMcwNEAIo_LBEMTfT-P_NxU_YLs7DRHR0VFAPIkrKE!/dl2/d1/L0lDU0lKSWdrbUEhIS9JRFJBQUlpQ2dBek15cXchL1lCSkoxTkExTkk1MC01RncvN19VRkpQQ0dDMjBPVVFFMDJFVDlGTVBKMzBPMy8yX19fXzc!/?WCM_PORTLET=PC_7_UFJPCGC20OUQE02ET9FMPJ30O3_WCM&WCM_GLOBAL_CONTEXT=/wps/wcm/connect/MADivCL/division/aboutdivision/about+division

 

 

About Division

To protect the rights of minorities as envisaged under the Constitution of Pakistan, 1973, the Minorities Wing of former Ministry of Minorities, Culture, Sports, Tourism and Youth Affairs was upgraded as a full-fledged Ministry in September 2004. Since then the Ministry is working for the betterment and uplift of various religious minorities in Pakistan.

 

THE CONSTITUTION OF THE ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF PAKISTAN, 1973

THE CONSTITUTION OF THE
ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF PAKISTAN, 1973

PART II

FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS AND PRINCIPLES OF POLICY

Chapter-1 :  Fundamental Rights

Article-20:   Freedom to profess religion and to manage religious institutions

Subject to law, public order and morality-

(a) every citizen shall have the right to profess, practise and propagate his religion; and
 
(b) every religious denomination and every sect thereof shall have the right to establish, maintain and manage its religious institutions.
Article-21: Safeguard against taxation for purposes of any particular religion.-
No person shall be compelled to pay any special tax the proceeds of whichare to be spent on the propagation or maintenance of any religion other than his own.

Article-22: Safeguards as to educationalinstitutions in respect of religion, etc.-(1) No person attending any educational institution shall be required to receive religious instruction, or take part in any religious ceremony, or attend religious worship, if such instruction, ceremony or worship relates to a religion other than his own.

(2) In respect of any religiousinstitution, there shall be no discrimination against any community in the granting of exemption or concession in relation to taxation.

(3) Subject to law.

(a) no religious community or denomination shall be prevented from providing religious instruction for pupils of that community or denomination in any educational institution maintain ed wholly by that community or denomination; and

(b) no citizen shall be denied admission to any educational institution receiving aid from public revenues on the ground only of race, religion, caste or place of birth.

(4) Nothing in this Article shall prevent any public authority from making provision for the Advancement of any socially or educationally backward class of citizens.

Article-25: Equality of citizens.-

(1) All citizens are equal before law and are entitled to equal protection of law.

(2) There shall be no discrimination on the basis of sex alone.

(3) Nothing in this Article shall prevent the State from making any special provision for the protection of women and children.
Chapter-2 : Principles of Policy

Article-36: Protection of minorities.-The State shall safeguard the legitimate rights and interests of minorities, including their due representation in the Federal and Provincial services.
 
 
  
  
 
 
 
 

 

Electronic Government Directorate,
Ministry of IT & Telecom,
Government of Pakistan.

God of the Muslims Prescribed Good Deeds (Koran)

23 Apr

Some people say: “We believe in God and the Last Day,” while they are not believers. They would like to deceive God and those who believe, while they merely outwit themselves and do not even notice it! Their hearts contain malice so God has increased their [share of] malice. They will have painful torment because they have been lying.

 

…Heed God and know that God is Firm in retribution.

 

…They had always competed in doing good deeds and appealed to Us eagerly yet reverently. They were so humble towards Us.

 

…God is Informed, Observant concerning His servants. Then We allow some of Our servants whom We have singled out to inherit the Book. One of them may harm his own soul while another is lukewarm, and still another vies in performing good deeds with God’s permission.

 

…Everyone has some course he steers by, so compete in [doing] good deeds.

 

…They believe in God and the Last Day; they command decency and forbid dishonor, and compete in doing good deeds. Those are honorable men; any good they do will never be denied them. God is Aware of the heedful.

 

…Good deeds remove evil deeds:
that is a Reminder for such persons
as will be reminded.

Muhammad said, Seek knowledge even unto China

22 Apr

He also never fought with bombs and machine guns.

 

Muhammad’s Lord, Allah said that peace is better. He will fight the aggressors Himself. He doesn’t like those who incite aggression.

 

Muhammad said women must be respected.

 

Prophet Muhammad was good to women.

 

Muhammad said trade is good. He was an honest businessman.

 

Allah asked him to pray, My Lord, give me more knowledge.

 

Prophet Muhammad does not like terrorists.

 

Muslims also believe in Jesus Christ, the Messiah.

 

Jews are brothers in faith, too.